National Park Masada – located in the Judean Desert not far from the shores of the Dead Sea and Ein Gedi Nature Reserve. Here was a great tragedy of antiquity. According to legend, 960 people committed suicide, but did not surrender, and did not become slaves of the Romans.

Masada – the greatest drama of all humankind, which occurred two thousand years ago. But nowadays it still excites the minds and hearts of people.

History.

The history of Masada was told by Joseph Flavius ​​at the dawn of Christianity, at a difficult time for the Jews. It excited the consciousness of both believers and non-believers.

In the middle of the twentieth century as a result of the archaeological discovery of a ruined mountain fortress. Surrounded by a siege rampart and a whole complex of fortified Roman camps. Ancient Masada appeared, a place of historical confrontation of the last stronghold of the Jewish people. Besieged in their fortress and the garrison of the Tenth Legion with 10,000 Roman soldiers. Experienced soldiers have already managed to enslave themselves half the world. They were the best warriors in the first century AD.

Symbol of the Jewish people.

Since Israel’s independence in 1948, Masada has been a national symbol of the Jewish people.

For every Jew – Masada symbolizes historical continuity and at the same time it is a deeply humane story about war, freedom, determination, courage, fate and deep disappointment. This legendary place serves as a mirror of History.

Masada has been listed by the UNESCO World Heritage List of World Heritage Sites.

Despite the legend of the suicide of hundreds of residents of an unapproachable fortress, the remains of 960 defenders of the fortress who committed suicide have not yet been found.

Impregnable fortress Masada.

The fortress is located on top of Mount Masada in the Judean desert, and rises to 390 meters above the Dead Sea. Here, in the year 25 BC, King Herod the Great equipped a shelter for himself and his family, greatly strengthening and completing the place that existed there.

The fortress of Masada is surrounded on 4 sides by the sheer cliffs of the great Judean desert. It is possible for travelers to ascend to the fortress only along a narrow serpentine path, laid along an artificial embankment built by the Romans (in about 30 minutes).

The top of the rock is a flat plateau in the form of a trapezoid. dimensions of which are about 600 by 300 meters. The city walls with a total length of 1.4 kilometers and a thickness of 4 meters, and along the perimeter there are 37 towers.

Masada was a great fortified mountain fortress and King Herod did not forget to provide the northern castle with the main resource needed in the desert – water. In each of the 12 tanks found, there could be up to 1 million gallons of water. The complex system of dams and canals with the help of which tanks were filled up impresses.

The fortress now preserved the palace of King Herod, the synagogue, fragments of mosaics, water tanks cut into the rocks, cold and hot baths, and much more.

At the foot of the serpentine path there is a large parking lot intended for private cars and sightseeing buses.

Map of Masada.

Map_of_Masada

1. Snake Trail Gate.
3. Byzantine Christian Church.
4. Eastern Cistercian.
7. South Gate.
9. Southern Cistercian.
10. South Fortress.
11. Bath.
12,15,16. small palace.
13. Columbarium.
14. Mosaic Workshop.
17. Public pool.

West palace:
18. Server Area.
19. Residential area.
20. Warehouse premises.
22. Tower of tapestries.
23. Western Byzantine Gate.
24. Columbarium.
25. Synagogue.
26. Byzantine Christian Church.
27. Barracks.

North palace:
28. Residence.
29. Quarry.
31. Tower.
32. Administrative buildings.
33. Gate.
34. Warehouses.
35. Bath.

Herod’s palace:
37. Upper terrace.
38. Central terrace.
39. Lower terrace.

Day tour to national park Masada.

Group excursion to Masada  from the cities of the center of Israel: Tel Aviv, Netanya, Jerusalem.

How to get Masada yourself.

Every hour a daily route: Jerusalem – Ein Gedi buses number 486, 421 depart from the central bus station in Jerusalem.

General Info:

Address: Road 90, Ein Gedi, Israel

Opening hours:

  • 08:00-16:00 Daily except Friday
  • 08:00-15:00 Friday

National park Masada – Official Page

Visit also:

  • Hanging Palace.
  • West Palace.
  • Light and sound show on the west side (March-October)

Location:

Masada (funicular station) is located on the Dead Sea, exit from highway 90: 18 km south of Ein Gedi (if traveling from Jerusalem) or 12 km north of Ein Bokek (if traveling from Eilat).

To visit the “Light-sound show” entrance only from Arad (by car).