The Jewish quarter is located in the southeastern part of the Old City. It extends from the Zion Gate to the Temple Mount. Here passes the ancient street of Cardo. You can get into the Jewish quarter through Garbage Gates or neighboring areas. The quarter has a rich history, since the eighth century Jews have constantly inhabited it. Today it is inhabited by 20 thousand people.
At the beginning of our era, the Roman legion was located on the territory of the present Jewish quarter in Jerusalem. Then a Romans built here a bath for their soldiers. At the end of the XI century, the city was captured by the Crusaders, who exterminated the Jewish people. Only after 2 centuries, when Jerusalem was captured by Salah ad-Din, the Jewish community was reborn.
At that time, the first Ramban synagogue was built. And the number of Jews began to increase. In the 15th century, it was transferred to the Jewish quarter. In 1947-1949 during the war of independence between Arabs and Jews, the synagogue was completely destroyed. Only after the Six Day War (1967) it was possible to restore it. It was considered a revered synagogue until it was closed.
In the Ottoman era, there lived several nationalities, which was established by the government. Many houses in the quarter were rented from the Muslims who owned them. Therefore, the land outside the city walls began to be built up, because it was easier to buy.
Jewish Quarter – Attractions.
When visiting the Old City it is recommended to visit Christian holy places. For tourists are available cheap hotels in the Jewish quarter. Here are also located the largest educational institutions of the city.
Cardo in Jerusalem is the second main street of the Old City. It runs from the north to the south, perpendicular to the main street (it runs from the west to the east wall). At the crossroads has long been located market. On Cardo Street in Christianity were merchants, and nowadays there are all kinds of shops.
In the Jewish quarter, prices for goods are low, so the stores are always full of buyers.
For a long time on the map, the street starts from the Damascus Gate and goes through the entire Old City to the Jewish quarter. The entire length of the columns were installed for decoration, of which today there are only fragments. At the time of the Maccabees, at the end of the street was a water tank and a small part of the wall of Hezekiah. On it you can get to the Muslim holy places.
Hurva translates as “ruins”, which is fully consistent with its history. In the XVIII century, Orthodox Jews appeared in the city. They came from Poland. Their rabbi enjoyed the support of Jewish communities, but he died a few days after the resettlement. This event entailed a serious reduction in material support. Despite this, the community began to build a synagogue. It was not possible to bring the construction to the end, because there was no money. Arab lenders decided to burn down the building.
In the XIX century, the community increased. Citizens again decided to build a synagogue. The construction lasted for 7 years, as they constantly lacked funds. During the war for independence, the shrine was again leveled to the ground. After that, in its place was built a monument in the form of an arch. At the beginning of the XXI century, the Israeli authorities decided to build a new synagogue corresponding to the architecture of the old building. The Holy place began operating in 2010. It can be found on the plan of the Jewish quarter.