Jerusalem is a holy city for the three major world religions — Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Amazing and colorful city, annually gathering many pilgrims and tourists from all over the world. Jerusalem is rightfully considered the source of life and Christianity throughout the world: in ancient times, cartographers represented Jerusalem as the center of the world. This city of calm and prosperity was often the occasion for bloodshed, the outbreak of war. Even now, Jerusalem is the cause of numerous conflicts, controversial issues.
Via Dolorosa – The Cross Way of Jesus Christ to Mount Calvary (Road of Sorrow). Initially, the name “Via Dolorosa” was a pilgrimage ritual – pilgrims with the singing of psalms walked through the streets of Jerusalem, recalling the path of Christ to Calvary. Only by the end of the XIX century in one of the guides for pilgrims Via Dolorosa appears already as a clear route along the street of the same name, reproducing the road to the place of execution.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The most important Church for Christians around the world, a place of holy pilgrimage, receiving God’s grace and blessing is the Temple of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. For two thousand years, the Palestinian land on which modern Israel is located has been preserving the places of life, the Cross suffering, the Atonement, and the Resurrection of the Son of God Jesus Christ.
Within the church proper are the last four (or, by some definitions, five) stations of the Via Dolorosa, representing the final episodes of the Passion of Jesus. The church has been a major Christian pilgrimage destination since its creation in the fourth century, as the traditional site of the resurrection of Christ, thus its original Greek name, Church of the Anastasis (‘Resurrection’).